Mental Health Specialist Questions and Answers
If you or a family member is experiencing depression, anxiety, grief or another mental health issue, talk to a specialist at Jade Health and Wellness. For more information call us today. We are conveniently offering virtual appointments.
Mental health is important at every stage of life and is something we often take for granted. It relates to our emotional, psychological, and social well-being and affects how we feel, think, and act. It also has an impact on how we deal with stress, relate to others, and make positive choices. Although often used interchangeably, poor mental health and mental illness are not the same.
What Are The Types Of Mental Illness?
There are more than 200 types of mental illness, some of the more common and well-known being depression, bipolar disorder, dementia, schizophrenia and anxiety disorders. Mental Illnesses are brain-centered conditions, and since we all have brains, having some kind of mental health problem at some time in our life is very common. Some of the more common types of mental illness are:
- Anxiety disorders, such as panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and phobias
- Bipolar disorder
- Seasonal Affective Disorder
- Eating disorders
- Personality disorders
- Post-traumatic stress disorder
- Psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia
- Hoarding Disorders
- Addiction and Substance Use Disorders
- Opioid Use Disorder
- Alzheimer’s Disease
- Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
- Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Disruptive, Impulse Control and Conduct Disorders
- Dissociative Disorders
- Peripartum (postpartum) Depression
- Sleep Disorders
What Causes Mental Illness?
Mental health problems can be caused by a reaction to certain stressors and, as with medical conditions, such as cancer, diabetes or heart disease, they can often be physical as well as emotional and psychological. Although there is no single cause for mental illness there are a number of risk factors such as:
- Genetics and family history
- Life experiences, such as stress, a history of abuse, or trauma, especially if they happened in childhood
- Chemical imbalances in the brain
- A traumatic brain injury
- Exposure to viruses or toxic chemicals before birth
- Use of alcohol or illicit drugs
- Having a serious medical condition
- Feeling lonely or isolated and having few friends.
Mental disorders are not character flaws, and they have nothing to do with being lazy or weak. With effective care and treatment many people will learn to cope with, or recover from, a mental illness.
What Are The Early Signs Of Mental Illness?
Many mental health disorders have a gradual onset and the initial signs can be so subtle that they go unnoticed, especially if the individual themselves, or the people around them, don’t know what to look for. Some early signs of mental illness to be aware of are:
- Sleep or appetite changes
- Decline in personal care
- Rapid or dramatic mood changes
- Recent social withdrawal
- Lack of interest and apathy
- Decline in functioning at work, school or socially
- Problems with concentration or memory
- Oversensitivity to sights, sounds, smells or touch
- Avoidance of over-stimulating situations
- Feelings of helplessness and hopelessness
- Feeling disconnected
- Illogical or irrational thinking
- Nervousness and suspicion
- Odd or uncharacteristic behavior
- Troubled relationships
- Thoughts of harming yourself or others
When Should You See a Therapist for a Mental Illness?
If a person experiences several of the early warning signs (above) at the same time they should be seen by a physician or certified mental health professional as soon as practicable. People with thoughts of harming others, self-harm or suicidal intent need immediate attention. If you or a loved one are seeking help or wanting more on information on mental health disorders or therapy, call us today. We are conveniently offering virtual appointments. We serve patients from Tolleson AZ, Avondale AZ, Phoenix AZ, Buckeye AZ, Yuma AZ, Tonopah AZ, Nevada AZ, and Arizona AZ.