Depression Disorders Specialist Questions and Answers
Jade Health and Wellness specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of depressive disorders. For more information call us today. We are conveniently offering virtual appointments.
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We’ve all likely been in the unenviable position of either having lost a loved one, gone through a divorce, lost a job, or experienced something else that has left us feeling sad, lonely or scared. These feelings are normal under the circumstances, and most people will feel low and sad at times, but in the case of those diagnosed with depression these feelings are much more intense and tend to persist.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, in 2019, it was estimated that 20% of American adults (51.5 million had been diagnosed with a mental illness. The prevalence was higher among females (24.5%) than males (16.3%), and young adults aged 18-25 years were more likely to have depression (29.4%) than adults aged 26-49 years (25.0%) or aged 50 and above (14.1%). The highest numbers of depression were reported among bi- or multi-racial adults (31.7%), followed by Caucasian adults (22.2%) and were the lowest among Asian adults (14.4%).
Major Depressive Disorder is the most common form of depression and is diagnosed when a person has at least five of nine common symptoms (listed below). One of the symptoms must be either an overwhelming feeling of sadness, or a loss of interest and pleasure in normal activities. Other types of depression are:
• Persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia) ischaracterised by a low, dark or sad mood that persists for most of the day, on most days and for at least 2 years (children and adolescents may mostly experience irritability that persists for at least 1 year).
• Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a more severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and the symptoms can be much more disruptive to social, occupational, and other important areas of life.
• Depressive disorder due to another medical condition. Can be triggered in some people by certain medical conditions, such as:
• Cushing’s Disease
• Parkinson’s Disease
• and more
• Adjustment Disorder with Depressed Mood is diagnosed when depressive symptoms are triggered within 3 months of a stressful event.
• Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is seen only during a specific time of year, usually winter, and is believed to relate to the shorter days, and lack of sunlight.
Depression can affect anyone, at any age and in every walk of life, and be caused by a number of factors including:
• Age. Seniors are at a higher risk of depression which can be exacerbated by factors such as living alone, declining health and limited social support.
• Medication. Depression can be a side-effect of some medications.
• Death or loss.
• Gender. Women are more likely as men to suffer from depression. Although it’s not certain why, hormones may play a role.
• Genetics. Those with a family history of depression may be at an increased risk of developing the disease.
• Major events. Both good and bad events can lead to stress and depression.
• Serious illness.
• Biochemistry. Imbalances in certain brain chemicals may contribute to depressive symptoms.
• Environmental factors. ongoing exposure to violence, abuse, poverty or neglect can lead to depression.
Symptoms of depression can vary from mild to moderate to severe and can include:
• Feeling sad or blue
• An increase or decrease in appetite
• Slowing of thoughts and/or movement
• Insomnia or hypersomnia (sleeping too much)
• Fatigue and low energy
• Increase in unnecessary physical activities, such as pacing or being unable to sit still
• Having feelings of guilt or worthlessness
• Finding it difficult to think, concentrate or make decisions
• Having suicidal thoughts or ideations
If you or a loved one are seeking help or wanting more on information on mental health disorders or therapy, call us today. We are conveniently offering virtual appointments. We serve patients from Tolleson AZ, Avondale AZ, Phoenix AZ, Buckeye AZ, Yuma AZ, Tonopah AZ, and Las Vegas Nevada.